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Mathematics

Subject Overview

The overarching goal of the mathematics curriculum is to ensure that all pupils achieve a level of mastery of mathematics that will serve them well in life, and for those who have the interest and ability, to pursue mathematics at the highest possible level.
The broad aims of mathematics education in Singapore are to enable pupils to:
  • acquire and apply mathematical concepts and skills;
  • develop cognitive and metacognitive skills through a mathematical approach to problem solving; and
  • develop positive attitudes towards Mathematics.

Mathematics Curriculum Framework

The central focus of the framework is mathematical problem solving, that is, using mathematics to solve problems. The framework reflects the 21st century competencies.
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Source: 2013 Primary Mathematics Teaching and Learning Syllabus

The teaching and learning of mathematics is organised around the following key themes:
Theme
Description
ConceptsMathematical concepts include numerical, algebraic, geometrical,
statistical, probabilistic, and analytical concepts. Pupils should develop and explore the mathematics ideas in depth, and see that mathematics is an integrated whole, not merely isolated pieces of knowledge.
SkillsMathematical skills include procedural skills for numerical calculation,
algebraic manipulation, spatial visualisation, data analysis, measurement, use of mathematical tools, and estimation.
Processes
Mathematical processes refer to the knowledge skills (or process skills)
involved in the process of acquiring and applying mathematical knowledge. This includes reasoning, communication and connections, thinking skills and heuristics, and application and modelling.
AttitudesAttitudes refer to the affective aspects of mathematics learning such as:
  • Beliefs about mathematics and its usefulness
  • Interest and enjoyment in learning mathematics
  • Appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics
  • Confidence in using mathematics
  • Perseverance in solving a problem
 MetacognitionMetacognition, or “thinking about thinking”, refers to the awareness of,
and the ability to control one's thinking processes, in particular the selection and use of problem-solving strategies. It includes monitoring of one's own thinking, and self-regulation of learning.

Teaching & Learning of Mathematics in YTPS

Key Pedagogical Approaches

Level
Pedagogical ApproachBrief Description
P1-P6
Sustained Support in Mathematics (SSM)
  • This involves the use of manipulatives in the teaching of mathematical concepts.
P1-P2
Model Approach
  • The model approach generally uses bar diagrams to show the relationship of the variables or objects in the problem sum.
P3-P6 Conceptual Approach
  • The conceptual approach provides pupils with an alternative to the heuristics method of problem solving.
  • It is also a systematic way to approach a problem by thinking deeper about the concepts involved and choosing the most effective method to solve the problem.

Programme Highlights

Level
Programme Highlights
Brief Description
All pupils
SSM
To help pupils build a strong foundation in primary Mathematics through a structured teaching sequence and supporting manipulatives and materials based on the concrete-pictorial-abstract approach.
All pupils
Learnlogy.com
As part of our curriculum to prepare our pupils for a future driven by globalisation and technological advancement, we have adopted Learnlogy.com, a specially designed Mathematics website for all our pupils to develop their critical thinking and problem solving skills. This website has a vast array of problem sums with detailed solutions using heuristics, models and diagrams. Equipped with an auto-marking feature, our pupils can learn independently and master problem sums at their own pace beyond school hours. Other exciting features in this website include the 8pm Race, Hall of Fame, Math Facts Power, games, Homework Reward System, etc
P1-P2
Shopping Day
In the Shopping Day performance task, pupils are given play money to purchase things within a budget. The pupils apply the concept of money in deciding what to purchase and calculate how much they would be spending, as well as determine the amount of money they would have left. Pupils also learn to make sound decisions guided by mathematical concepts before making their purchases.
P3-P6
(PAP)
Eminence - Mathematics Olympiad Training
The Olympiad training prepares pupils keen in Mathematics for various Mathematical competitions, at both national and international levels. It aims to impart knowledge, skills and attitude through various non-routine and problem solving heuristic relevant to Mathematical competitions. The training further instils pupils’ interest, creativity, analytical thinking skills, spirit of learning through discovery and challenge in Mathematics. 
P5
(ASP)
 I Can Do Math!I Can Do Math! is a bridging programme for weak pupils from Primary 5 going on to Primary 6. It is conducted during the school holidays at the end of the year. The pupils revisit concepts they have learnt to better prepare them for Primary 6.
 P2-P6
(ASP)
 Learn Math Love Math (LMLM)LMLM involves small group mathematics teaching to build pupils’ foundation in basic mathematical concepts and skills.
P3
National Education Mathematics Trail
In our P3 NE Mathematics Trail, the Primary 3 pupils learn about Singapore history in a fun way through Mathematics. From the various learning stations, pupils use the reasoning logic of Sudoku to learn about our former and current Singapore leaders. One of the highlights of the programme is for the pupils to design a national costume using multiplication and shapes. They also learn to estimate heights of the famous buildings and monuments in Singapore.