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Department Mission

To promote Science learning and interest, develop thinking skills and cultivate the appreciation of Nature among pupils.

Subject Overview

The science curriculum seeks to nurture the pupil as an inquirer. The starting point is that children are curious about and want to explore the things around them. The science curriculum leverages on and seeks to fuel this spirit of curiosity. The end goal is pupils who enjoy science and value science as an important tool in helping them explore their natural and physical world.

Science Curriculum Framework


The science curriculum framework focuses on scientific inquiry. The conduct of inquiry is founded on three integral domains of (a) Knowledge, Understanding and Application, (b) Skills and Processes and (c) Ethics and Attitudes. These domains are essential to the practice of science. The curriculum design seeks to enable pupils to view the pursuit of science as meaningful and useful. Inquiry is thus grounded in knowledge, issues and questions that relate to the roles played by science in daily life, society and the environment.

A brief description on each theme


Pupils should appreciate that there is a great variety of living and non-living things in the world. The study of the diversity in the world will allow pupils to appreciate the importance and necessity of maintaining it.


Pupils should recognise that there are repeated patterns of change in nature and understand how these patterns arise. Understanding these cycles helps Man to predict events and processes and to understand the Earth as a self-sustaining system.


Pupils should recognise that a system is a whole consisting of parts that work together to perform a function. Understanding these systems allows Man to understand how they operate and how parts influence and interact with one another to perform a function.


Pupils should appreciate that a study of the interactions between and within systems helps Man to better understand the environment and his role in it. By understanding the interactions between Man and his environment, pupils can better appreciate the consequences of their actions and be responsible for their actions.


Pupils should appreciate that energy affects both living and non-living things. It makes changes and movement possible in everyday life. Understanding this theme will allow pupils to appreciate the importance and uses of energy and the need to conserve it.

A brief description on Process Skills for Science


Use our senses to gather information about objects or events. This includes the use of instruments.


Identify similarities and differences between 2 or more concepts or processes.


Group objects or events based on common characteristics.

Using apparatus and equipment

Use the knowledge of the functions and limitations of various apparatus and select the most appropriate for the specific task.


Transmit and receive information presented in various forms –verbal, tabular, graphical or pictorial


Interpret or explain observations or pieces of information.


Assess the likelihood of an outcome based on prior knowledge of how things usually turn out.


Identify the parts of objects, information or processes and the patterns and relationships between these parts.

Generating possibilities

Explore all the alternatives, possibilities and choices beyond the obvious or preferred one.


Assess the reasonableness, accuracy or quality of information, processes or ideas and also the quality and feasibility of objects.

Formulating hypothesis

Make a general explanation for a related set of observations or events.

Teaching & Learning of Science in YTPS

Key pedagogical approaches:

In Yew Tee Primary, the key pedagogical approach in teaching Science is the inquiry based approach and the 5E Learning Cycle Model is adopted. The 5E Learning Cycle Model involves the following:


The use of an object, event or question to engage pupils.

Connections facilitated between what pupils know and can do.


Objects and phenomena are explored and hands-on activities are conducted, with guidance.


Pupils explain their understanding of concepts and processes. New concepts and skills are introduced as conceptual clarity and cohesion are sought.


The activities carried out allow pupils to apply concepts in contexts, and build on or extend understanding and skill.


Pupils assess their knowledge, skills and abilities. The activities conducted allow evaluation of pupil development and lesson effectiveness.

The school has revised its P3 and P4 activity books to enable the pupils to acquire basic process skills at these levels which will equip them with problem-solving skills at the upper primary.

Programme Highlights

Young Scientist Programme

Pupils will be given opportunities to do experiments and handle science apparatus. These help them to gain confidence in handling the apparatus and experience fun in learning at the same time.

Sony Creative Science Awards Competition

The competition provides opportunities for pupils to develop creativity and thinking skills. Pupils will design and create toys that function based on a scientific principle.

Learning Journeys

The Learning Journeys provide opportunities for pupils to experience real-life examples/situations in learning science. They experience first-hand, the application of scientific principles within authentic settings.

Science Olympiad Training
The training is a stretch programme for the high ability learners. The programme aims to provide opportunities for pupils to explore and learn beyond the textbook. Pupils will be provided opportunities to design experiments, participate in competitions, conduct research and create activities that involve learning scientific concepts.

PAL (Science)

The programme provides our lower primary pupils with a sneak peek of Science as a subject. It provides a head start in the learning of Science and serves to enthuse our lower primary pupils to the subject.

Environmental Programs

These programmes aim to promote awareness of the importance of conserving energy and appreciating the environment. Pupils have the opportunity to show care and concern for the environment, and at the same time develop an understanding of the place of humanity in the universe.


This experience aims to widen and enhance pupils’ Science knowledge and provide hands-on and authentic experiences. Pupils develop a better understanding of the impact of Science and technology in society.


Eureka is a programme catered to the needs of high ability pupils. These pupils are identified for competitions which involve the application of Practical Skills, Scientific Knowledge, Research and Investigative Skills. Pupils will undergo a training programme to better prepare them for the competitions.



How can I teach my child to answer open-ended questions?
Read the question carefully
Underline the key words
Analyse the information given
Do NOT jump to conclusions
Take time to explain thoughts clearly and carefully